With Jewish life on the Lower East Side slowly disappearing, and Broadway in a slump, Molly and Yonkel continued their work on the "bonds belt." To Molly's great delight, Yonkel scored a role in the television adaptation of Leo Rosten's The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N.
After a tour of Israel and two more Kalich plays, The Farblonjet Honeymoon and The Kosher Widow, Molly replaced Gertrude Berg as the lead in Majority of One, which she opened in London to rave reviews.
Molly followed her success with a lead role in Jerry Herman's first Broadway musical, called Milk and Honey, which earned her first Tony Award nomination. Shortly thereafter, she played Frank Sinatra's Italian mother in Come Blow Your Horn, for which she received an Oscar nomination in 1962.
In 1971, her iconic status solidified, Molly took the role of Yente the Matchmaker in Norman Jewison's film version of Fiddler on the Roof. Perhaps the only thing that made her prouder than her own contribution was Yonkel's turn as Anatevka's melamed (teacher).
"By our tenth week in Zagreb [during the filming of Fiddler], the biggest news was that I had made the Times crossword puzzle."